When you see or hear “system” or “program,” you are probably thinking of something complete, like an exercise program that includes everything you need to get or stay in shape. Think: diet, scheduled exercise, job training, assessment and feedback. A carpet maintenance program should be thought of in the same way. Think: preventive, intermediate and deep cleaning process. Like a puzzle, each piece is needed to complete your floor care program.
In the past, we thought the only way to really clean carpets was to extract hot water (water rinse extraction) using a portable or truck mounted extractor. Over time, we’ve come to understand that you can maintain a level of cleanliness by not waiting for dirt to build up to the point where it becomes visible (or causes permanent damage to the fibers). On the contrary, we can remove smaller amounts of soil more often through intermediate maintenance processes. After all, it’s much easier to keep up than to catch up.
These mid-care processes are efficient and, if combined with a proper vacuuming schedule, can maintain the appearance of carpet for a long time.
However, a one-size-fits-all approach is not suitable for all cleaning systems. This is why it is essential not to forget a deep cleaning process such as the water rinse extraction. in the scheme.
ANSI / IICRC S100 – 2021 standard for the professional cleaning of textile floor coverings (Seventh edition) states that âmaximum floor separation consists of four elements:
- Chemical activity
- Mechanical action / agitation for good chemical distribution
- It’s time for chemicals to work properly.
When one or more of these four fundamentals is decreased, one or more of the other elements must be increased to achieve optimal ground suspension. Different types of extraction process approach the elimination process differently and may have varying degrees of elimination; however, they remove dirt when done correctly.
Extraction methods explained
There are different types of extraction carpet cleaning methods. Here is an introduction to the four recommended methods. ANSI / IICRC S100 – 2021 standard for the professional cleaning of textile floor coverings (Seventh edition) lists the detailed steps for each method.
Water rinse extraction– Water, or a solution of water and chemicals, is injected into the nap of the mat. The process causes the earth to be suspended in the liquid and then removed by the lift of a wet vacuum cleaner. You can use hot or cold water in this process.
Encapsulant extractionâThis method is a low humidity liquid encapsulation cleaning system composed of detergents containing crystallizing polymers. These encapsulants can be agitated into the carpet to emulsify the soil in a variety of ways, including a pressure sprayer, a scrubber with a built-in sprayer, or a solution pump.Crystallizing polymers begin to act as soon as the encapsulant is applied and exposed to air. As the solution dries up, the polymers crystallize, surrounding the soil they have captured. The crystals then retain the soil and can be removed by dry vacuuming with standard vacuum equipment.
Dry foam extractionâAn encapsulating detergent is foamed using a foam generating device to add air to the detergent. The dry foam is applied to the carpet and stirred into the fiber with a mechanical device. The foam dissipates and dries. The area is dry vacuumed to remove encapsulated dirt from the carpet.
Extraction of dry compoundsâThis is a low / restricted moisture compound cleaning system that works by adsorbing or soaking up dirt in the carpet. Dry compounds consist of a granular carrier with detergent and water. The dry compound is applied and stirred into the carpet, usually with a mechanical device, to adsorb dirt in the carpet. It should be allowed to dry completely, then it can be vacuumed dry from the carpet, using standard vacuum equipment. For this to be effective, all granular support must be removed from
Ripe areas for deep cleaning extraction
For 99% of facilities, a deep cleaning extraction should be involved in the cleaning process. Here are some main areas of your building that may benefit from mining.
Access mat systemsâThese systems are the building envelope’s first line of defense and suffer most of the wear and tear. They should be vacuumed daily, but more importantly, deep cleaned more frequently. While carpeting is essential in facility entrances and hallways, it can also be incorporated into the space design in transition areas, such as when a hard kitchen floor meets a soft surface, to prevent migration. from the ground in an installation.
The sole purpose of the groundsheet is to accept soil up to the point of refusal. Even with a good vacuuming program and an intermediate cleaning process in place, soil can migrate into a facility. These systems can become ineffective when overloaded by heavy foot traffic due to special events or by the seasonal overuse of melting products outdoors.
High traffic areasâFrequently used areas of an installation require higher frequencies of the two interim maintenance and deep cleaning measures to maintain the highest level of cleanliness and appearance retention. Think bottlenecks, pivot points, card sweep doors, elevators,
and stairs. Other unique domains such as those with a constant restaurant services will typically need a deep cleaning process to clean up large food or beverage spills and leaking trash bags, for example.
Note: Any area of ââa facility where there is a transition between hard ground Resilient flooring can be subject to easy soil transfer due to the hard surface’s inability to trap and hold soil. Poor maintenance of hard floors can dramatically shorten the lifespan and negatively affect the appearance of adjacent soft surfaces. Inadequate hard floor maintenance processes are often evident in elevator lobbies and outside restrooms that are exposed to the quat walk-off or disinfectant cleaner or
Personal work places– More recently, the âworkstation / living spaceâ, as we like to call it, has become very sensitive to high exposure to dirt. With social distancing in office environments still common, the tendency is that occupants do not move around the space, but âliveâ there every day, causing much greater fouling effects around the workstation (food floors, dander, etc.) that all must also be removed from the carpet.
Resources for the proper selection of extraction equipment
Getting it right has a lot to do with the equipment you use for the mining process. The Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) has Seal of Approval (SOA) programs not only for chemistry, but also for vacuum cleaners and extraction equipment. Whether vacuuming encapsulated, adsorbed / absorbed soils, or suspended soils extracted through a water rinse extraction process, these SOA programs can help you make choices about the effectiveness of equipment for soil removal.
A proactive approach pays off
Trying to clean a floor that has been neglected for too long can be expensive and inefficient. It also uses manpower, equipment, and resources that strain the budget.
Make sure to include proper extraction in the cleaning process to meet the needs of building environments, occupants, and customers. Reactive cleaning when the carpet looks dirty instead of following a full proactive floor maintenance program will cost more in the long run and make it more difficult to achieve desired results. Protect your flooring investment by making floor care the The right way.